CR-Inference Question

Q. The trade war looks set to intensify as the first set of punitive US tariffs on Chinese goods and China’s retaliatory tariffs kick in. If the US decides to escalate by targeting a wider range of goods, China will presumably broaden its retaliatory tariffs. It remains to be seen if the US will follow a similar pattern versus the EU and Canada. India has also released a list of retaliatory tariffs but those will only come into effect in early August if talks scheduled to resolve the situation fail.

 

Which of the following can be inferred from the paragraph?

A. The US is responsible for creating the climate for a global trade war.

B. If China broadens its retaliatory tariffs, the US must have escalated the trade war by targeting a wider range of goods.

C. If talks scheduled to resolve the situation fail, India’s retaliatory tariffs will come into effect in early August.

D. China will presumably broaden its retaliatory tariffs unless the US does not escalate the trade war by targeting a wider range of goods.

 

See our previous ‘Questions of the Day’:

Verbal Question of the Day: 18

Verbal Question of the Day: 17

14 Comments

  1. D is the correct answer.

    A. We cannot infer that.

    B. China’s retaliation in the trade war could be a consequence of any reason. We cannot infer that it must have been a consequence of the escalation of US tariffs.

    C. This is a confusing one. However, since it says must, we cannot infer that it surely will happen.

    D. Make more sense. If we convert it to A if B, we will see that China will presumably broaden….. IF US escalates the trade war..

    Here the US escalates the trade war, thus China will broaden it’s retaliatory tariffs.

  2. The answer is D. ‘A unless not B’ is derived from ‘If B, then A’ i.e. “If the US decides to escalate by targeting a wider range of goods, China will presumably broaden its retaliatory tariffs.”

    Further explanation:

    A. This contains a foreign variable. It cannot be derived with certainty from the passage.

    B. The passage states that ” If the US decides to escalate by targeting a wider range of goods, China will presumably broaden its retaliatory tariffs.”. From this, option B. cannot be inferred. ‘If A, then B’ does not mean ‘If B, then A’. In case A causes B, it cannot be inferred that B causes A.

    C. This restates the last line of the paragraph and hence does not qualify as an inference.

  3. Sir,I understand the explanation for the answer.But I am not able to understand how to eliminate the other options.What exactly do we have to look in the options for it to be an inference?

    1. Hi Shubhra, it’s excellent that you are keen to strengthen your fundamental concepts. 🙂
      An inference is a statement that is unstated, but which can be derived with certainty from what has been stated in an argument. A statement will not qualify as an inference if:
      a. it restates the argument.
      b. it contains a foreign variable.
      c. it’s only a logical possibility, and not a logical necessity.

    1. That’s off the mark, Vartika. But, don’t worry. See the explanation to the answer, in my comment above.

      Write back to me in case you have any doubts 🙂

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