This chapter deals with reasoning through premises. It is called syllogisms.
Broadly, you need to understand two types of arguments. We have already come to see what arguments look like. Now it is time to comprehend some ‘categories’ of arguments.
Analyse this, (P1= Premise 1, P2= Premise 2, C= Conclusion)
P1 – All men are buffoons.
P2 – Ravi (poor chap) is a man.
C – Ravi is a buffoon.
This kind of argumentation is known as deductive reasoning. Here, the conclusion arrived at, is a logical ‘necessity’, which you will find me referring to henceforth as an LN. The structure of the deductive argumentation is simple. We picked a set, gave it a characteristic (P1), picked an element from the set (P2), and with certainty, arrived at the conclusion that the element shall show the same characteristic.
P.S. I hope you understand that my sympathies with Ravi have nothing to do with the argument.
Now, the second type,