reading comprehension

The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the best answer to each question.

In what relation The Apology of Plato stands to the real defence of Socrates, there are no means of determining. It certainly agrees in tone and character with the description of Xenophon, who says in the Memorabilia that Socrates might have been acquitted ‘if in any moderate degree he would have conciliated the favour of the dicasts;’ and who informs us in another passage, on the testimony of Hermogenes, the friend of Socrates, that he had no wish to live; and that the divine sign refused to allow him to prepare a defence, and also that Socrates himself declared this to be unnecessary, on the ground that all his life long he had been preparing against that hour. For the speech breathes throughout a spirit of defiance; and the loose and desultory style is an imitation of the ‘accustomed manner’ in which Socrates spoke in ‘the agora and among the tables of the money-changers.’ The allusion in the Crito may, perhaps, be adduced as a further evidence of the literal accuracy of some parts. But in the main it must be regarded as the ideal of Socrates, according to Plato’s conception of him, appearing in the greatest and most public scene of his life, and in the height of his triumph, when he is weakest, and yet his mastery over mankind is greatest, and his habitual irony acquires a new meaning and a sort of tragic pathos in the face of death. The facts of his life are summed up, and the features of his character are brought out as if by accident in the course of the defence. The conversational manner, the seeming want of arrangement, the ironical simplicity, are found to result in a perfect work of art, which is the portrait of Socrates – the man and his pedagogy.

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grad-cap

Here is another reasoning based set

Top B-school of the country selects the students based on their performances in two parameters
the Written Aptitude Test (WAT) and Group Discussion & Personal Interview(GDPI). On the basis of
their performances, the students are given scores out 10 in each parameter. Since both the parameters
are equally important, the B-school then calculates the final scores of the students by taking the product
of the two individual scores. This product is called the final score of the candidate. The B-school then
declares 4 lists based on the final score of the candidate. Namely,
Rejected List , Waitlist 1, Waitlist 2 & Selected List.

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In a coding operation C0, SMART is changed to UQBLT and DROP is changed to OPQE.
The coding operation works as follows:

  1. Odd letter of the word is replaced by the letter that follows it (as per the alphabetical sequence)
  2. Even letter of the word is replaced with the one that immediately precedes the letter (in the alphabetical sequence)
  3. The word is written in reverse order to arrive at the code.

Similarly, for other operations of the series, C1,C2,C3….,Cn  each letter is replaced by skipping n letter that precede or follow it.

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Labratory flask being filled with liquids, close-up

The topic is very popular among the aptitude tests & IQ tests world wide. It is basically the application of the fundamental arithmetic concepts like percentage, ratio, average etc. The mixtures under consideration will be homogeneous in nature.

TYPES OF MIXTURES:- A mixture is not necessarily made up of liquids or solids. There can be various types such as.

  • A liquid and a solid
  • Two liquids
  • Two solids
  • Profit percent on two products
  • Boys & girls in a group
  • A journey covered with different speeds
  • and many more
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solo-trip3Ms Voyager was on  her solo trip to Shimla. She boarded the local passenger bus called “Traveller” from “Summer Hill (SH)” stop and got off at “Old Shimla” (OS)”. In between there are five stations and she decided to take a note of the number of passengers who boarded and got off “Traveller”.
Also the price of ticket between two stations is equal to one plus the number of stations in between those two stations. For example the ticket price of one passenger from Summer Hill to the mall road is equal to Rs 3 and that of one passenger from Monkey Point to Old Shimla is Rs 5. When she got off the Traveller at Old Shimla Bus stand she had following information with her. Also no person got off the same stop at which he/she boarded.

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images-1In recent years, CAT DI questions have moved away from the traditional graphical representation to the tabular one. Furthermore, the concepts involved are usually very basic and typical. Below is one such example, based on simple concept, testing your ability to interpret the given data.

In township TG Town, a bus operator Veeta Volvos is planning to launch operations. They did some preliminary survey on the number of people availing bus services during any given 4-hour window of the day (provided in the table). Each Veeta Volvos bus needs one driver and can accommodate a maximum of 45 passengers at a time.

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mutual-fundDILR section has become a game changing section in the CAT. In the last two years this section has been the most difficult of all the three sections. Here is a DI set which will give a sneak peek at what can be expected in the CAT. This set comprises Type in the Answer(TITA) questions that have been a recent addition to the CAT.

Directions of question 1 to 4:

The investors can invest in four mutual funds – ICICI, SBI, Kotak and HDFC, to buy stocks of these four companies. Not all the investors invested in the mutual funds every month but when they did, each person invested Rs.100 to any one of the four mutual funds in a month, not necessarily the same fund every month.

For each of the four funds, the number of people who invested in each of October, November and December was either equal to or one greater or one lesser than their corresponding numbers in the previous month. For example, if ‘n’ investors invested in the ICICI fund in October, then the number of investors who invested in the ICICI fund in November can be ‘n – 1’, or ‘n’ or ‘n + 1’.

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Sitting arrangement is one of the popular topics of LRDI section for any competitive exam. The best thing about this topic is that you don’t need to apply any out of the box thinking but to process and write down all the information that is given to solve the questions. Sometimes you will feel that given information is not enough to complete the arrangements but remember your job is to solve the questions not to complete the arrangement.

Here I am giving you some sets of linear and circular arrangements, try to solve them and then match your answers with the given solution.

Direction for question number 1 to 4: Four couples A,B,C,D,E,F,G and H are sitting together on a bench facing towards north not necessarily in the same order. It is also known that

I. A,C,E,G are females who are sitting immediate left of their husbands.
II. G is sitting immediate right of H who is sitting three places away to the left of C.
III. A is sitting five places to the left of B who is sitting 3rd from extreme right.

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