I am dividing this method into four parts and we will discuss each part one by one:

a. Last two digits of numbers which end in one

b. Last two digits of numbers which end in 3, 7 and 9

c. Last two digits of numbers which end in 2

d. Last two digits of numbers which end in 4, 6 and 8

Before we start, let me mention binomial theorem in brief as we will need it for our calculations.

**Last two digits of numbers ending in 1**

Let’s start with an example.

**What are the last two digits of 31 ^{786}?**