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Q. Dear Applicant:

Thank you for your application. Unfortunately, we are unable to offer you a position in our local government office for the summer. As you know, funding for summer jobs is limited, and it is impossible for us to offer jobs to all those who want them. Consequently, we are forced to reject many highly qualified applicants.

Which of the following can be inferred from the letter?

A. The number of applicants for summer jobs in the government office exceeded the number of summer jobs available.

B. The applicant who received the letter was considered highly qualified.

C. Very little funding was available for summer jobs in the government office.

D. The application of the person who received the letter was considered carefully before being rejected.

E. Most of those who applied for summer jobs were considered qualified for the available positions.

 

This topic was modified 2 years ago by TG.Team

The answer is A. It must be true for it to be impossible for the government office to offer jobs to all those who want them. Imagine the other way round i.e. had the applicants for the job been fewer than or even equal to the number of jobs at the government office, then why would it be impossible for the government office to offer jobs to all those who want them? The only situation in which it becomes impossible for the government office to offer jobs to all the applicants is when the applicants exceed the number of jobs.

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The cost of producing radios in Country Q is ten percent less than the cost of producing radios in Country Y. Even after transportation fees and tariff charges are added, it is still cheaper for a company to import radios from Country Q to Country Y than to produce radios in Country Y.

The statements above, if true, best support which of the following assertions?

(A) Labor costs in Country Q are ten percent below those in Country Y.

(B) Importing radios from Country Q to Country Y will eliminate ten percent of the manufacturing jobs in Country Y.

(C) The tariff on a radio imported from Country Q to Country Y is less than ten percent of the cost of manufacturing the radio in Country Y.

(D) The fee for transporting a radio from Country Q to Country Y is more than ten percent of the cost of manufacturing the radio in Country Q.

(E) It takes ten percent less time to manufacture a radio in Country Q than it does in Country Y.

 

Premise- The cost of producing radios in Q is 10% less than the cost of producing radios in Y.

Conclusion- Even after transportation fees and tariff charges are added, it is still cheaper for a company to import radios from Country Q to Country Y than to produce radios in Country Y.

Assumptions- Transportation fees and tariff charges for importing a radio from Q to Y is less than 10% of the cost of producing radios in country Y.

(Y-Q)/Y*100=10. So, if  Y=100, Q=90. Transportation fees and tariff charges for importing a radio from Q to Y is less than 10. (Y= cost of producing radios in country Y; Q= cost of producing radios in country Q)

A. Labor cost is a foreign variable.

B. Manufacturing jobs is a foreign variable.

C. This can be necessarily derived from the argument. 

D. This is a possibility, not a logical necessity.

E. Manufacturing cost is a foreign variable.

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inferenve

Sir, how do we eliminate option C in the above options? 

In inference based questions, the idea is to read every line and try to represent it in either another language OR using figures and shorthand i.e. you basically translate the stuff.

Option C, which uses the word 'endemic' talks about something totally different from what the last line of the argument expresses. 

The last line of the argument merely states that at 'Haw... almost all birds were endemic, while at GB only one bird was endemic'. Now read Option C. Does it have ANY bearing with what we have just discussed?

P.S. This response has been posted using Raman Sir's ID. Raman Sir has not posted this response.

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Worldwide, tomato is one of the most important crops. Because this crop can be adapted for cultivation in various environments ranging from tropical to alpine regions, its cultivation area is now expanding worldwide into not so productive regions. On the other hand, traditional cultivation areas, the most favourable for tomato cultivation with warm and dry climate, are contracting. Every year, traditional cultivation areas lose 2 million hectares (ha) of land to environmental factors such as salinity, drought, and soil erosion.

Which of the following is the correct inference based on the above passage?

1. In recent years, per hectare production of tomato has increased worldwide.

2. In recent years, per hectare wastage of tomato has increased worldwide.

3. In recent years, per hectare production of tomato has decreased worldwide,

4. In recent years, per hectare wastage of tomato has decreased worldwide.

5. In recent years, per hectare production of tomato has remained the same worldwide.

 

In this question, how can we infer about the worldwide production when all we know is that the traditional cultivation has reduced but the not so productive regions have expanded?

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